what are the steps for MapReduce in big data?

What is MapReduce?

A MapReduce is a data processing tool which is used to process the data parallelly in a distributed form. It was developed in 2004, on the basis of paper titled as “MapReduce: Simplified Data Processing on Large Clusters,” published by Google.

The MapReduce is a paradigm which has two phases, the mapper phase, and the reducer phase. In the Mapper, the input is given in the form of a key-value pair. The output of the Mapper is fed to the reducer as input. The reducer runs only after the Mapper is…